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Edith Kornacki, M. Ed.
Clinical Psychologist

Common Questions

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Common questions about therapy and the therapeutic process

What is the difference between a psychologist, psychotherapist and psychiatrist?

A psychologist is trained in assessing and treating cognitive, emotional, and behavioural problems. Psychologists have to meet strict criteria in their training and code of ethics, as well as being members of The Ordre des Psychologues du Quebec.

A psychotherapist offers therapy but may come from various backgrounds. It is important to find out what training the therapist has received and to which professional order they belong.

A psychiatrist is a medical doctor who has a specialization in mental disorders. A psychiatrist is a doctor and can therefore prescribe medication while a psychologist or psychotherapist cannot and therefore focuses more on therapy. A psychiatrist may also do therapy but may have less time to devote to this. They are members of the Quebec College of Physicians and Surgeons.

Is therapy confidential?

It is absolutely confidential. According to the Code of Ethics, all conversations, e-mails and telephone calls cannot be discussed with anyone else without the client's written consent. The only time confidentiality can be broken is when the client is at serious risk of hurting himself or someone else, when there is a problem of abuse in a child under 18 or elder abuse, or when there is a court subpoena.

Why do I need therapy if I can talk to my friends?

Friends are an invaluable support, but there is a limit to how much they can be there for us. A psychologist is a neutral, non-judgmental person who has professional training to help people grow and change.

Does needing therapy mean that I am weak?

We all have periods of difficulty or crisis where we need more help and support. Asking for help when it is necessary is a sign of strength, and is something of which to be proud. It means we are owning our problems and open to making changes which can improve the quality of our lives.

How long does therapy last?

Each person is different and requires a different length of treatment. Some require short-term therapy while others need long term in-depth therapy to get to the core of their issues. An assessment is done at the beginning to be able to recommend the length of therapy.

What is my method of payment?

Cash or cheques are accepted, but credit cards are not.

Are fees covered by insurance?

Some insurance companies cover therapy offered by psychologists and in those cases, you pay at the end of each session and I give you a receipt which you submit afterwards to your insurance company. They will then reimburse you for the amount they cover. The fees paid to a psychologist are also accepted as a medical deduction for income tax purposes if one submits a receipt.